Diceros Bicornis

The black Rhino
Le rhino noir en voie d'extinction

This is historically the first species that our NGO is committed to protect. Whether diceros bicornis, black rhino, or cerathoterium sinum, white rhino, both are considered threatened.

The rhino belongs to the order of Perissodactyla, that means, it has an odd number of fingers, 3 in this case. It is among the largest herbivores in the world.

Its skin is very thick, forming bend inflection points, naked except fringed ears and silks on the tail. Two horns are present in both sexes, the anterior horn is usually longer and thicker at the base. The male weighs between 2 and 2.5 tons while the female never exceeds 2 tons.

We differentiate the two species, black and white, not by the color of the dress, as it is gray, but by some morphological and behavioral criteria.

White rhino feeds almost exclusively grass it tears hard with its wide mouth. It is larger than its cousin of the other species and has a lump on the neck. It is rather quiet and reluctant to load.

The black rhino is smaller than the white one, since a male weighs just over a ton and his female two hundred kilos less ; it has no hump on the neck and it has a top lip shaped hooked beak. Its mouth, very different from the wide of the white, he used to eat by pulling the shoots and leaves of shrubs.

Very unpredictable, it is quite capable of charging an intruder who disturbs it.

One young is born in March or April after a gestation of 15 months for black and 16 months for white. Births are spaced 2 to 4 years.

Poaching for horns

With 4 rhinos slaughtered each day, the population decreases dramatically. While in some countries there has been a slight increase, we need to continue to increase our efforts.

Loss of habitat

The rhino sees its territory be reduced from year to year and sometimes conflicts with humans. People always need more space for agriculture and livestock.

Invasive plants

The presence of foreign invasive plants disrupts the ecosystem and especially some herbivores like rhinos could have digestive problems by eating these plants.